EST sample essays


The Malaysian government is promoting the use of organic fertilizers in Malaysia for two main reasons. Firstly, organic agriculture is seen as important for the sustainable use and management of natural resources. Secondly, in Malaysia, organic agriculture is identified as a niche market opportunity for fruits and vegetables.

The Malaysian government is prepared to provide additional one-off assistance in infrastructural development to organic farmers, in addition to eligibility for existing credit schemes and special loans. Organic farmers will also be helped in the marketing of their produce in the domestic and international market. In an effort to reduce the dependence on mineral fertilizers and to move towards more natural and healthier methods of food production, the government is promoting programmes that encourage the recycling and use of agricultural waste. This includes rice straw and husk, empty oil-palm fruit bunches (EFB), saw dust, animal droppings, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and other materials.
The Centre of Environment, Technology and Development, Malaysia (CETDEM) has been involved in many conversions of farms, especially vegetable producing farms, into organic farms. There are various forms of organic farming types in Malaysia. They include Nature Farms, Biodynamic Farms, Ecofarms, Permaculture, Kyusu Nature Farms and Yoko Farms.

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IN THE NEWS

There has been a considerable increase in the average temperature of earth in the past century. This rise in temperature is attributed to the effects of global warming brought about by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This phenomenon is called Global Warming. The effects of global warming are numerous. The main culprits in the issue are excessive discharge of green house gases in the atmosphere.

 

The effect of global warming is very evident on the animal kingdom also. Some animals have become extinct due to loss of their natural habitat or their inability to evolve to the rapid changes in the climate. Also there is a change in their life style because of the changes in the seasons. The migrating birds have changed their time of travel and also their place of migration.
The effect of global warming can be felt on seasons too. There is shift in season cycle, as the summers are getting longer than the winters. This has affected the animals and made them to change their lifestyle accordingly, and those who failed to do so have perished or on the verge of extinction.
The global warming is also responsible for the introduction of some new diseases. The bacteria are more effective and multiply much faster in warmer temperatures compared to cold temperatures. The increase in temperature has led to increase in the microbes that cause diseases.
Global warming is also effecting the crop production, as the crops are getting destroyed by the sudden change in temperatures or sudden on set of rains. Also the flash floods and other natural calamities affect the crop.
As a matter of fact, because of global warming, the earth’s atmosphere is getting more unpredictable with heavy rains in the areas, which have scanty rainfall or drought in the areas, which received good annual rainfall. The months of rainfall has also getting affected.
But there are some people on the other side of the wall also, they believe that the global warming is a natural process and cannot disturb our ecosystem. The earth’s surface mean temperature was even higher a long time ago, and the ecosystem has evolved from that temperature to this. So it can evolve further. But the changes that are happening now are rather fast compared to earlier times.