This novel- 20000 Leagues under the Sea was written by Jules Verne (Retold and published by Singapore Asia Publishers Pte Ltd)

About the Author

Jules Verne was born in Nantes, France in 1828. He was sent to Paris by his father to study law at university. Verne gave up law and started writing. He is often called the founding father of science fiction. He lived in poverty for ten years before his first success when he published his first novel in 1863. From then on, he published at least one book per year, many of which reflected his interest in scientific progress and inventions. Several of his ideas have been prophetic and have become fact, for instance, the submarine Nautilus in 20,000 Leagues Under the sea predated modern submarines by almost thirty years. His books have been a favourite by readers all around the world. He died in 1905. He had published over sixty works.

 

SYNOPSIS

Professor Pierre Aronnax, an Assistant Professor from the Museum of Natural History in Paris is invited on an expedition with Commander Farragut on his ship, Abrahim Lincoln to get rid of a sea monster. They attack the sea monster but it turns out to be the Nautilus, a submarine run by Captain Nemo. The professor, his servant and Ned Land are captured and forced to travel with the submarine crew to the world’s oceans. Not knowing exactly where he is, Professor  Aronnax knows that he is in for quite an adventure. Despite being a prisoner, Professor Aronnax is intrigued by the wonders of the sea, the capabilities of the Nautilus, and the strange behaviour and actions of Captain Nemo. The men are amazed with the deep-sea creatures and they travel to remote islands. They encounter a brilliant madman who travels the seas seeking revenge and beauty. Unable to continue in such a manner, they risk their lives to free themselves. Their chance arrives when the Nautilus enters a dangerous part of the sea called the Maelstrom, the men survive. They find themselves safe in a fisherman’s cottage. Professor Aronnax does not know whether Nautilus escapes the Maelstorm and if Captain Nemo is still alive.

CHARACTERS:

Professor Aronnax: an expert of undersea life, he gets panicky easily when he falls into the sea. However, he has refined knowledge of academic philosophy and culture. He is unable to rely on his senses or on real-life experience. He must be able to reason everything scientifically. He is more inclined to believe science than his own experience.

Captain Nemo: In Latin, Nemo means nobody. It is very true of the captain as he cannot be identified by a name and he asks others to call him Nemo, which appears to be a self-appointed name.

Ned Land: Ned Land’s name obviously comes from Land. He hunts what is in the sea but is attached to the Land. He is much “earthier” than Professor Aronnax.

Conseil: Conseil in French means counsel. He offers counsel to Professor Aronnax.

 

PLOT

The plot of a novel comprises of the series of events that make up the story.  It is the sequence of events that take place in the story .There are five important parts in a plot.

  1. Introduction/Exposition: A mysterious creature has been sinking ships. Pierre Aronnax, an expert on the undersea world, is asked to go on a search mission by the US Navy. On board the ship are Pierre Aronnax, a renowned scientist along with his manservant, Conseil, and Ned Land the king of harpooners. The men meet Captain Nemo, the commander of the vessel, known as theNautilus. 
  1. Rising Action: Captain Nemo tells them they must never leave theNautilus because he wants to protect its secrets, and his own.
  1. Climax: Nemo attacks a warship. Aronnax does not know to which country the warship belongs and baffled when Captain Nemo sinks it. The men decide they must escape at all costs. This is a major decision, which permanently changes their condition of imprisonment.
  1. Falling action: They realize they are heading toward a giant whirlpool. However, they survived. They awake in the hut of a fisherman.
  1. Denouement/ Resolution: Aronnax plans to return to France and continue writing.

SETTING

Here are some of the places mentioned in the novel:

  1. Coast of Australia in July, 1866: The place where the enormous unidentified ‘thing’ was first seen.
  2. The Abraham Lincoln: A warship in which Professor Aronnax was invited to join for the expedition to track down the creature that has been destroying ships at sea. It is the best ship of the United States navy which is well equipped to catch the strange sea creature.
  3. Nautilus: A highly technological submarine designed, engineered and built by Captain Nemo who has a mystical relationship with the submarine which has become his entire world.
  4. Forest of Crespo Island: Captain Nemo presents to Professor Aronnax an underwater island on their first undersea expedition. It is a valley that contains treelike plants whose branches rose straight up.
  5. Coral Kingdom: The place where they buried the dead man who was treated by Professor Aronnax. The corals build up over the graves and seal the bodies forever.
  6. Arabian Tunnel: An underground passage at Suez which is a layer of solid rock with a natural tunnel. The Nautilus went through this tunnel to reach the Mediterranean.
  7. Vigo Bay: A graveyard of old-wrecked ships filled with treasure.The place where twenty-three ships loaded with treasure was set fire when the Spanish admiral felt that he would lose the battle with the English

THEMES

Man and Nature

Nature here refers to the wonderful nature of the world beneath the waves.  Both Captain Nemo and Dr. Aronnax love the sea and have a fascination with the creatures they see and observe. This has made difficult for Aronnax to leave when he is finally convinced that he must escape.

In this story Captain Nemo is trying to overcome nature by creating a new environment. This is typical in a science fiction where man tries to overcome nature. Despite his attempt to create a new environment, he cannot control all living things. Forces of nature get in Nemo’s way in incidences such as being attacked by a shark and being trapped in an ice tunnel.

Technology and Modernization

Nemo has very good knowledge in the field of science and engineering.  His submarine manufactures its own electricity, has provisions for quantities of oxygen that allow it to remain submerged, and is as comfortable as any home. All food comes from the ocean. There is clothing made from some sort of sea fiber. There are cigars made of a special seaweed. Captain Nemo has air guns that allow him and the crew to go hunting as well as a device that permits the crew to walk the ocean floor. However, his achievements in the field of science has alienated him from humanity. He is considered to be a genius but at the same time he is also an outcast. His inventions are many hundreds of years ahead of time; thus, he does not belong in the world he is currently living. Technology and modernization can affect us in both ways- positively and sometimes in a negative way if we do not understand how to live in it.

Adventure and Exploration

Dr. Aronnax, takes on the task of identifying and classifying every animal on the planet. Captain Nemo takes his strange submarine into places no man has ever been before: a coral kingdom, a bed filled with pearls, the Arabian tunnel and so forth. He travels thousands of kilometres under and on the surface of the sea because he has a quest for adventure and knowledge. This quest for knowledge and understanding and the need to explore every centimetre of the planet seems to be a function inseparable from the human brain. The author understands this impulse to acquire new knowledge.

SYMBOLS

Captain Nemo’s Room: His room may be interpreted as a symbol of the Captain himself: his exterior (the extravagantly decorated ship) is commanding and intimidating–his interior (his room) is hollow, and lonely.

The Giant Pearl: This pearl holds a kind of appeal for Nemo. It is really beautiful, and as long as it stays a secret. It is something unique that he owns. It’s a piece of Nemo’s private, self-constructed world that represents the allure of the untouched, of unsolved mysteries.

The name “NEMO”: Nemo in Latin means “No One”. It describes the captain as a mysterious man.  It is as if he is protecting his identity. 

Meaning of the Title

 A league is an old-fashioned measurement of distance that’s approximately equivalent to 5 kilometres. 5 x 20,000 = 100,000 kilometres. This is the distance Aronnax, Nemo, and company travel under the sea, not the depth they go while traveling. 20,000 leagues is about a quarter of the way to the moon when the moon’s closest to earth as written by Verne in his book From the Earth to the Moon. The title tells us of how epic and extensive the journey is. The phrase “under the sea” is important because it points the Nautilus is not a regular old boat; but one that can travel beneath the waves.

 

 

 

 

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A discussion on the poem ‘A  POISON TREE’

Let’s discuss the poem you need to study – “A Poison Tree” by William Blake

A Poison Tree

I was angry with my friend:
I told my wrath, my wrath did end.
I was angry with my foe:
I told it not, my wrath did grow.

And I watered it in fears,
Night and morning with my tears;
And I sunned it with smiles,
And with soft deceitful wiles.

And it grew both day and night,
Till it bore an apple bright.
And my foe beheld it shine.
And he knew that it was mine,

And into my garden stole
When the night had veiled the pole;
In the morning glad I see
My foe outstretched beneath the tree.

William Blake

Form and Structure-This poem has been written in four quatrains. This is one of the simplest poetic forms.  Each stanza has a pair of rhyming couplets- aabb. (friend-end; foe-grow; fears-tears; smiles-wiles; night-bright; shine-mine; stole-pole; see-tree).

Language-Overall, the vocabulary is simple. Most of the words in the first stanza are mono syllables. All the lines in the first stanza begin with “I”. This emphasizes that there is something personal and told from an individual point of view.

Understanding the poem:

Stanza 1 opens with how the persona was angry with his friend. He told his friend about his anger and the anger then disappeared. The persona then goes on to describe a scenario when he was angry with his enemy. He did not tell his enemy that he was angry, thus, his anger kept on growing!

In stanza 2, the persona talks more on how his anger grows. He compares his growing anger to a growing plant where he waters the plant with his fears and his tears. However, he did not give it real sunshine. He merely gives smiles and deceitful wiles. A wile is a cunning trick. Here, it suggests that he may be planning some sort of a devious scheme for his enemy- and this deceitful scheme is just like the sunshine for the growing plant.

Stanza 3 describes how the persona’s efforts eventually bore fruit. The fruit is the apple bright. The enemy clearly recognises that the fruit belongs to the persona.

Stanza 4 reveals that the enemy had seen the apple and stole it. The enemy had stolen the apple during the night when it was dark as the “pole” – the North Star was all covered up. Thus, the star was not visible-to guide the enemy out of the danger. The enemy eats the apple and most probably – he dies.

Metaphor-A growing apple tree is an extended metaphor for the growing anger and it shows how destructive anger can be. The title “A Poison Tree” is the central metaphor. The apple has become poisonous as it has been nurtured with anger. In other words, the tree grew with negative emotions. When we stay angry for a long time, we may become “A Poison Tree” (a person full of negative emotions).

 Setting-The persona’s garden. The garden where the apple tree grows. The apple tree that features the apple which lures the enemy.

Symbolism-The apple represents anger. The apple grows large till it ripens. Similarly, anger grows till it becomes vengeance.

Themes:

Managing Anger:  It is not totally wrong to be angry. However, it is rather important for us to know how to deal with anger. If we nurture our anger, it might grow and be harmful to us. In this poem, two ways of handling anger were shown with different outcomes. In the first scenario, the anger disappeared but in the second the anger grew into something aggressive and negative.

 Importance of Communication:  As shown in the poem, if the persona had communicated with his enemy, his anger would have been controlled. However, his refusal to communicate has allowed anger to become something that is very destructive. Therefore it is often better if we can communicate with people on the issues that is bugging us. The poet indirectly is trying to persuade his readers to talk about their anger. We can talk about it not only with our friends but with our enemies too. If we talk, the anger might just reduce and it might just ease our troubles. In turn, it will prevent us from causing hurt unto others.

 Moral Value

The poem tells us about the disastrous consequences of one’s own failure to communicate with another person.

Discussion

The persona could be intentionally helping his anger to grow by refusing communication with his enemy or perhaps he is unconsciously helping his anger to grow as his tears are actually tears of sorrow. This poem was written by William Blake and published in 1794 as part of his “Songs of Experience” collection. The poem describes repressed feelings of anger towards someone where the emotions lead him to murder. Perhaps the poet is exploring the darker side of human beings. When the enemy eats the fruit, he dies and the poet seems to be happy. The apple is the symbolic representation of his unreleased anger. The anger that blossoms into a poisoned fruit. We should ponder on whether this anger has attracted the enemy and in turn has lured him into the garden. Perhaps the enemy has unresolved issues with the owner of the garden and that is the reason for him to try and trespass the garden with the intention of settling the issues – in this case- by stealing the apple that has eventually poisoned him. Looking at another angle; considering the fact that William Blake was a religious man, with biblical reference- Adam and Eve was told not to eat the apple. Eating from the tree was the first sin! Perhaps, that’s the reason for Blake to use an apple tree as his central metaphor.

10000leagues

The literature titles studied for poems are: ‘In the Midst of Hardship’- Latiff Mohidin and ‘He had Such Quiet Eyes’- Bibsy Soenharjo. There are also two short stories to be studied. They are : ‘QWERTYUIOP’- Vivian Alcock and ‘The Fruitcake Special’- Frank Brennan. There is also one Drama called ‘Gulp and Gasp’ – Lord Townsend. Now we shall review each one of them.

Synopsis of the poemIn the Midst of Hardship’:

As the title suggest, this poem is trying to convey the hardship that a family in a village is facing after a big flood. In this poem, the poet tells of the situation of a farmer and his family. They only returned at dawn after being out in the floodwater for a day and night after tirelessly looking for their son’s albino buffalo. They are all wet and hurt but they do not show any despair or of losing hope. Although they have been born into a life of hardship, they have never complained. They spend time together, enjoying each other’s company. They are grateful for what they still have instead of what is lost. Now, they are in the kitchen and they joke and talk while preparing to relax with a smoke.

Sample Question for the poem ‘In the Midst of Hardship’:

 

Read the following stanza of In the Midst of Hardship and answer the questions that follow.

                                   

At dawn they returned home

their soaky clothes torn

and approached the stove

their limbs marked by scratches

their legs full of wounds

but on their brows there was not a sign of despair

Latiff Mohidin

 

a.         What does the word dawn mean?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         Write down two phrases from the poem which indicate injury.

  1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

c.         How did they feel when they reached home?

Using your own words, give a reason to support your answer.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Synopsis for the poem ‘He had Such Quiet Eyes’:

This is a poem about the love of a man and how deceptive in can actually be. A man with seductive, powerful and alluring eyes sometimes melt the heart of a naive, innocent, foolish young lady, who will eventually give her everything to him, devote herself to satisfy his starving lust. In other words, it is a story of a girl who meets a boy and falls in love with him. The boy makes her believe that he loves her very much. The girl gives her everything to the boy and the girl loses everything. Finally the boy leaves her. This poem brings out the concept of the power of the eyes and how, since ages and ages ago up till today, men all around the world are still using the same old trick and women, all over the world still fall for it. Young girls should be prepared to face the ugliness of the real world.

Sample Question for the poem ‘He had Such Quiet Eyes’:

 

Read the following stanza of He had Such Quiet Eyes and answer the questions that follow.

               He Had Such Quiet Eyes

He had such quiet eyes
She did not realise
They were two pools of lies
Layered with thinnest ice
To her, those quiet eyes
Were breathing desolate sighs
Imploring her to be nice
And to render him paradise

Bibsy Soenharjo-1968

 

a.         The phrase “two pools of lies’ is a metaphor. What does it refer to?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         Write down two words or  phrases from the poem that describe the eyes.

i) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

ii)………………………………………………………………………………………………………

c.         Describe in your own words how the girl is being deceived by the eyes.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Answers to Sample question for the poem ‘In the Midst of Hardship’:

  1. Sun rise / early in the morning
  2. i.Marked by scratches

iifull of wounds

  1. Not sad because they do not show any sign of sadness and continue with their normal routine and joke.

Answer to Sample question for the poem ‘He had such Quiet Eyes’:

  1. the eyes that are deceiving
  2. i)quiet

ii) the desolate sighs

c.  the man eyes is very deceiving, deep, calm but dangerous, just like a pool in winter. It may look inviting and peaceful to see a still lake, but when you try to walk on the thin ice, it will break and you will drown in the icy cold water.

Short Stories

Synopsis for the short story ‘The Fruitcake Special’

Anna, a chemist who works at the Amos cosmetics factory inNew Jersey,USAis trying to discover a new perfume. One day she mixes a slice of the fruitcake given by her Aunt Mimi into a mixture of flowers. It smells wonderful so she tried it on her. Not too long, her boss, David Amos who is a handsome English guy never saying nice thing to ordinary girl like her asked her to have a dinner with him. That would be because of fruitcake. Anna realises now that the perfume is responsible for his strange behaviour. At dinner, there was a competition between David Amos and the waiter for her attention. The night ended with both men hitting each other and Sabina (David’s girlfriend) punching David. Anna later found out more about the fruitcake from her Aunt Mimi and realized that it was made by an old woman who had just passed away. Later David apologized and offered Anna a raise as compensation. Anna feels insulted and quit her job. Then, the pizza man appears at her door with pizza and a box of flowers. He is now the owner of his pizza company. Anna decides to go out with him.

 

Sample Question for the short story ‘The Fruitcake Special’:

Read the extract from the short story “THE FRUITCAKE SPEACIAL” below and answer the  questions that follow.

I have to say that at this point I was feeling very confused. Five minutes ago my boss didn’t want to be seen with me. Now he was saying he was crazy about me! What could be making him behave like this? Then, all at once, I realised it was the fruitcake special! Intrigue might smell great, but it didn’t make a girl attractive to men. But my fruitcake perfume did.

a.         Why was the writer confused?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         What is the meaning of “Intrigue”?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

c.         What is “Intrigue’ in the context of the story?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

d.         Do you think the fruitcake perfume actually made girls attractive to men?

Give a reason for your answer.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Synopsis of the short story ‘QWERTYUIOP’

‘QWERTYUIOP’ by Vivien Alcock is about a young graduate named Lucy Beck who has just finished her ‘O’ levels atBelmontSecretarialCollege. Being a slow learner herself, she has no confidence that she will find a job. Fortunately, she is offered a job by Mr. Ross, the Manager of Ross and Bannister’s. During her first day, she encounters many peculiar incidents. Later, she finds out that there is a spirit lingering around the office who is adamant in holding on to her position as the company’s secretary. Towards the end of the story, Lucy tries to get rid of the spirit that has been haunting that place for many years by putting the spirit at peace.

Sample Question for the story ‘QWERTYUIOP’:

Read the extract from the short story QWERTYUIOP below and answer the

 questions that follow.

 

            She stared at it in horrified bewilderment. What had happened? What had she done? Not even on her first day at theBelmontSecretarialCollegehad she made such ridiculous mistakes. Such strange mistakes – QWERTYUIOP, the top line of letters on a typewriter, repeated over and over again! Thank God there had been no one to notice. They’d think she had gone mad.

She must be more careful. Keep her mind on the job, not allow it to wander out of the window into the sunny shopping street below. Putting fresh paper into the typewriter, she began again.

She was tempted to look at the keyboard . . . “Don’t look at the keys! Keep your eyes away!” Mrs Price was always saying. “No peeing. You’ll never make a good typist if you can’t do it by touch. Rhythm, it’s all rhythm. Play it to music in your head.”

a.         Why was Lucy horrified?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         What were the common and strange mistakes that she made?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

c.         What did she decide to do after making the repeated mistakes?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

d.         Do you think you would make such mistakes. Give a reason for your answer.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Answers to Sample Question for the story ‘ Fruitcake Special’:

a.         The boss took a liking of her when he was not interested at all a little while ago

b.         carry on an underhand plot

c.         name of the perfume

d.         (accept any logical answer)

Answers to Sample Question for the story ‘QWERTYUIOP’

 

a.         She had made a lot of ridiculous mistakes in her letter.

b.         QWERTYUIOP, the top line of letters on a typewriter repeated over and over again.

c.         To type more carefully / keep her mind on the job / not to allow her mind to wonder

d.         Yes, because it is the work of Miss Broome’s ghost

No, I would be more careful.

 

DRAMA- Gulp and Gasp

 

Synopsis

 

This is a melodrama about a villain, Lord Septic who is greedy for more power, money and fame. He is even ca[able of committing murder to get what he wants. He owns the railways and is after the Gatsby gold. Crouch, Lord Septic’s manservant is a big bully. Rose is a damsel in distress who meets Percy, the hero. They fall in love and he rescues her from a bloody death at the railway tracks. Later, Percy learns he is the heir to the Gatsby gold and is known as Sir Percy. Lord Septic loses everything.

 

Read the extract from the drama Gulp and Gasp below and answer the

 questions that follow.

 

CROUCH                    : Don’t get too near the edge of the platform, sir.

LORD SEPTIC           : If this train doesn’t come soon, I’ll sack the driver. I’ll sack everyone.

After all, next week I’ll own this railway line.

CROUCH                    : Indeed, sir. Most true, your ever-so big lordship, sir

.

LORD SEPTIC           : Nothing can stop me now. I’m just a step away. Do you know   what   I’m just a step away from?

CROUCH                    : Yes. The edge of the platform. Be careful, sir.

LORD SEPTIC           : No, you fool! Power. Money. Fame.

CROUCH                    : But you’ve got quite of bit of that already.

LORD SEPTIC           : More! I want more, Crouch. I need it. I long for it. I’m mad for it. I’ll  kill for it.

a.         Where do you think this conversation took place?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         When Lord Septic says he is just a step away, where did Crouch say he was?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

c.         What was Lord Septic longing for?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

d.         Do you think you should follow Lord Septic’s footsteps? Give a reason for your answer.

Answers to Sample Questions for Drama

 

a.         At the railway station

b.         At the edge of the platform

c.         Power, money and fame

d.         Yes, so that I can be a powerful person.

No, because it shows our greed and would not last long.

TEST 1
Form 4 Poem

In the Midst of Hardship

Read the following stanza of In the Midst of Hardship and answer the questions that follow.

                                   

At dawn they returned home

their soaky clothes torn

and approached the stove

their limbs marked by scratches

their legs full of wounds

but on their brows there was not a sign of despair

Latiff Mohidin

 

 

a.         What does the word dawn mean?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

b.         Write down two phrases from the poem that indicate injury.

  1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

c.         Describe their feelings when they reached home. Provide a reason to support your answer.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Form 4 Short Story

QWERTYUIOP

Read the extract from the short story QWERTYUIOP below and answer the

 questions that follow

She was early. She smoothed down her windy hair, and waited.

At five past nine, an elderly man, with small dark eyes like currants and a thick icing of white hair, came hobbling up the stairs. He was jingling a bunch of keys.

“Ah,” he said, noticing Mary. “Punctuality is the courtesy of kings – but a hard necessity for new brooms, eh? You are the new broom, I suppose? Not an impatient customer waiting to see our new range of Sunburst cushions, by any chance?”

  1. What does the phrase ‘new broom’ imply?

…………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Describe the man who opened the door for Lucy.

…………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. What is the meaning of ‘hobbling’?

…………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. In your opinion, why did Lucy arrive early that Monday morning?

………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………….

Novel

The following are the novels studied in the literature component in English Language

  1. The Curse by Lee Su Ann
  2. Step by Wicked Step by Ann Fine.
  3. Catch Us If You Can by Catherine McPhail

Based on the novel that you have studied, choose a character and discuss how good values are being demonstrated through the character you have chosen.

Provide evidence from the text to support your answer.

Your response should be:

  • Not less than 50 words
  • In continuous writing (not in note form)

TEST 2

(Form 5 poem)

Nature by H.D Carberry

We have neither Summer nor Winter

Neither Autumn nor Spring.

We have instead the days

When the gold sun shines on the lush green canefields-

Magnificently.

The days when the rain beats like bullet on the roofs

And there is no sound but thee swish of water in the gullies

And trees struggling in the high Jamaica winds.

Also there are the days when leaves fade from off guango trees’

And the reaped canefields lie bare and fallow to the sun.

But best of all there are the days when the mango and the logwood blossom

When bushes are full of the sound of bees and the scent of honey,

When the tall grass sways and shivers to the slightest breath of air,

When the buttercups have paved the earth with yellow stars

And beauty comes suddenly and the rains have gone.

a.         “What seasons did the poet say that they did not have?”

__________________________________________________________________

b.         List out the verbs found in the poem ‘Nature’.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

c.         List words that describe the following in the poem.

i)         sunny days

____________________________________________________________

ii)        rainy days

____________________________________________________________

d.         Do you agree that the sunny days are “the best days” as compared to rainy days? Explain why or why not?

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Form 4 drama/short story

LORD SEPTIC:   The  night,   you  fool.   It’s  a foul  and filthy night.

CROUCH: Very nasty, Lord Septic.

LORD SEPTIC: Angry.

CROUCH: Mmm.

LORD SEPTIC: Very angry.

CROUCH: Mmm. Mmmm.

LORD SEPTIC: And do you know why I’m angry, Crouch? I hate nights like this.

CROUCH: Indeed, sir.

LORD SEPTIC: This fog is so thick. I can’t see a thing out there. It’s as thick as…

CROUCH:         Pea soup, sir. Very thick pea soup.

LORD SEPTIC: And there’s nothing worse than pea soup is there, Crouch?

CROUCH: Not really, sir. Apart from sprouts. I would think a mushy sprout soup is pretty foul. Worse than a pea in this fog.

LORDSEPTIC:   I can’t even see the railway track.

CROUCH: Don’t get too near the edge of the platform, sir.

LORD SEPTIC: If this train doesn’t come soon, I’ll sack the driver. I’ll sack everyone. After all, next week I’ll own this railway line.

CROUCH:       Indeed, sir. Most true, your ever-so big lordship, sir.

  1. Why is Lord Septic very angry?

…………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. What does the word ‘sack’ mean?

…………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Describe the condition at the station.

…………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. How would you describe Lord Septic? Provide a reason for your answer.

…………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………..

Novel question

The following are the novels studied in the literature component in English Language

  1. The Curse by Lee Su Ann
  2. Step by Wicked Step by Ann Fine.
  3. Catch Us If You Can by Catherine McPhail

Based on the novel that you have studied, describe two different settings or situations.

Provide evidence from the text to support your answer.

Your response should be:

  • Not less than 50 words
  • In continuous writing (not in note form)

suggested answers:

TEST 1

Form 4 Poem

In the Midst of Hardship

  1. Sun rise / early in the morning
  2. i.Marked by scratches

iifull of wounds

  1. Not sad because they do not show any sign of sadness and continue with their normal routine and joke. (Accept any suitable answer)

Form 4 Short Story

QWERTYUIOP

  1. usually someone new will do a job very well in the beginning.
  2. Elderly, has dark eyes and white hair.
  3. Walk lamely or limp
  4. She wants the job badly and did not want to be late.

Novel

The Curse

Azreen is the main character of the novel- The Curse.  Being persistent in getting to the truth is highlighted especially through Azreen. She refuses to believe that Madhuri’s death was merely an accident. She finds clues that complete the puzzle. She is also responsible and diligent. Azreen repairs the trampled bed of vegetables and brings back fresh vegetables and seeds to replace the ones destroyed that belong to the Old Lady. A helpful friend especially when she claimed responsibility for letting the bull run loose in order to save Mohd. Asraf’s skin.

TEST 2

(Form 5 poem)

Nature

 

  1. summer, winter, spring and autumn.
  2. rain – beat, trees – struggle, reaped canefields – lie, tall grass – sways / shiver, buttercups – pave
  3. i) gold sun shines

ii) rain beats like bullets on the roof

  1. any logical answer.

Form 4 Drama

  1. the weather was bad so the vision was not clear.
  2. to fire someone from a job or position/ dismiss  from a job
  3. it was a foggy night. The air was cold.
  4. He is an evil man. He is desperate to find the gold and is willing to do anything for it.

Novel

In the novel – Catch us if you can, there two caravans. The first caravan is a fabulous charming home; a perfect place for a holiday – both cosy and content. It is also deserted and is occupied when and if desired. It fulfils immediate needs and nothing more. The second caravan is more a home, one with minimum permanence but its warm colours and homely smells symbolise security and a peaceful domestic setting away from home.  It offered security within a family unit and was able to take off at a moment’s notice to avoid being caught. While being private, it offered Rory and Granda a social setting in which they were most comfortable.